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J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Jan 28;137(3):1220-9. doi: 10.1021/ja511066q. Epub 2015 Jan 16.

Visualizing the molecular recognition trajectory of an intrinsically disordered protein using multinuclear relaxation dispersion NMR.

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University of Grenoble Alpes , IBS, 38044 Grenoble, France.


Despite playing important roles throughout biology, molecular recognition mechanisms in intrinsically disordered proteins remain poorly understood. We present a combination of (1)H(N), (13)C', and (15)N relaxation dispersion NMR, measured at multiple titration points, to map the interaction between the disordered domain of Sendai virus nucleoprotein (NT) and the C-terminal domain of the phosphoprotein (PX). Interaction with PX funnels the free-state equilibrium of NT by stabilizing one of the previously identified helical substates present in the prerecognition ensemble in a nonspecific and dynamic encounter complex on the surface of PX. This helix then locates into the binding site at a rate coincident with intrinsic breathing motions of the helical groove on the surface of PX. The binding kinetics of complex formation are thus regulated by the intrinsic free-state conformational dynamics of both proteins. This approach, providing high-resolution structural and kinetic information about a complex folding and binding interaction trajectory, can be applied to a number of experimental systems to provide a general framework for understanding conformational disorder in biomolecular function.

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