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Anticancer Res. 2015 Jan;35(1):333-6.

Radiosurgery with 20 Gy provides better local contol of 1-3 brain metastases from breast cancer than with lower doses.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany rades.dirk@gmx.net.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, Saad Specialist Hospital, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
4
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
5
CyberKnife Centre Northern Germany, Güstrow, Germany.
6
Nuclear Medicine and Oncology Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.
7
Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ, U.S.A.
8
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the optimal dose of radiosurgery-alone for patients with 1-3 cerebral metastases from breast cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients receiving 20 Gy (n=20) were compared to those receiving 16-18.5 Gy (n=10) for local control, distant brain control and overall survival. Seven other variables were also evaluated.

RESULTS:

Radiosurgery dose achieved significance on univariate (p=0.002; log-rank and Wilcoxon test) and multivariate analysis (p=0.004) of local control. Twelve-month local control rates were 94% after 20 Gy and 48% after 16-18.5 Gy. On univariate analysis of distant brain control, radiosurgery dose was not a significant factor, with 12-month rates of 73% and 60%, respectively. Regarding overall survival, radiosurgery dose was of borderline significance (p=0.059; Wilcoxon test). Twelve-month overall survival rates were 75% and 40%, respectively. On Cox regression analysis, radiosurgery dose exhibited a trend for improving survival (p=0.10).

CONCLUSION:

Radiosurgery with 20 Gy resulted in significantly better local control and led to a trend towards improved overall survival compared to treatment with 16-18.5 Gy.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; brain metastasis; distant brain control; local control; overall survival; radiation dose; radiosurgery

PMID:
25550568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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