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Drug Metab Dispos. 2015 Mar;43(3):392-9. doi: 10.1124/dmd.114.061937. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Conversions of tricyclic antidepressants and antipsychotics with selected P450s from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56.

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Institut für Biochemie, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbruecken, Germany (M.L., F.K., Y.K., R.B.).
Institut für Biochemie, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbruecken, Germany (M.L., F.K., Y.K., R.B.)


Human cytochromes P450 (P450s) play a major role in the biotransformation of drugs. The generated metabolites are important for pharmaceutical, medical, and biotechnological applications and can be used for derivatization or toxicological studies. The availability of human drug metabolites is restricted and alternative ways of production are requested. For this, microbial P450s turned out to be a useful tool for the conversion of drugs and related derivatives. Here, we used 10 P450s from the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum So ce56, which have been cloned, expressed, and purified. The P450s were investigated concerning the conversion of the antidepressant drugs amitriptyline, clomipramine, imipramine, and promethazine; the antipsychotic drugs carbamazepine, chlorpromazine, and thioridazine, as well as their precursors, iminodibenzyl and phenothiazine. Amitriptyline, chlorpromazine, clomipramine, imipramine, and thioridazine are efficiently converted during the in vitro reaction and were chosen to upscale the production by an Escherichia coli-based whole-cell bioconversion system. Two different approaches, a whole-cell system using M9CA medium and a system using resting cells in buffer, were used for the production of sufficient amounts of metabolites for NMR analysis. Amitriptyline, clomipramine, and imipramine are converted to the corresponding 10-hydroxylated products, whereas the conversion of chlorpromazine and thioridazine leads to a sulfoxidation in position 5. It is shown for the first time that myxobacterial P450s are efficient to produce known human drug metabolites in a milligram scale, revealing their ability to synthesize pharmaceutically important compounds.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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