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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Feb;16(2):147-53. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jeu299. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Appropriateness criteria for cardiovascular imaging use in heart failure: report of literature review.

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King's Health Partners, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
Universitair Ziekenhuis van Brussel, CHVZ and ICMI Laboratory, CHIREC, Brussels, Belgium.
Bristol NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit (BRU), Bristol Heart Institute, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet and University of Oslo, Norway.
Cardiology Department, Sismanoglio Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Department of Cardiology and Radiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Department of GIGA Cardiovascular Sciences, Heart Valve Clinic, Department of Cardiology, University of Liège Hospital, University Hospital SartTilman, Liège, Belgium Department of GVM Care and Research, Bologna, Italy


The Imaging Task Force appointed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) identified the need to develop appropriateness criteria for the use of cardiovascular imaging in heart failure as a result of continuously increasing demand for imaging in diagnosis, definition of aetiology, follow-up, and treatment planning. This article presents the report of literature review performed in order to inform the process of definition of clinical indications and to aid the decisions of the appropriateness criteria voting panel. The report is structured according to identified common heart failure clinical scenarios.


Appropriateness criteria; Cardiac computed tomography; Cardiac magnetic resonance; Echocardiography; Heart failure; Imaging; Nuclear cardiology

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