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J Vis. 2014 Dec 30;14(6):11. doi: 10.1167/14.6.11.

Large crowding zones in peripheral vision for briefly presented stimuli.

Author information

1
Bradford School of Optometry & Vision Science, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.
2
Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
3
College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

When a target is flanked by distractors, it becomes more difficult to identify. In the periphery, this crowding effect extends over a wide range of target-flanker separations, called the spatial extent of interaction (EoI). A recent study showed that the EoI dramatically increases in size for short presentation durations (Chung & Mansfield, 2009). Here we investigate this duration-EoI relation in greater detail and show that (a) it holds even when visibility of the unflanked target is equated for different durations, (b) the function saturates for durations shorter than 30 to 80 ms, and (c) the largest EoIs represent a critical spacing greater than 50% of eccentricity. We also investigated the effect of same or different polarity for targets and flankers across different presentation durations. We found that EoIs for target and flankers having opposite polarity (one white, the other black) show the same temporal pattern as for same polarity stimuli, but are smaller at all durations by 29% to 44%. The observed saturation of the EoI for short-duration stimuli suggests that crowding follows the locus of temporal integration. Overall, the results constrain theories that map crowding zones to fixed spatial extents or to lateral connections of fixed length in the cortex.

KEYWORDS:

crowding; lateral interactions; peripheral vision; spatial vision; temporal vision

PMID:
25550071
DOI:
10.1167/14.6.11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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