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Xenobiotica. 2015;45(6):511-9. doi: 10.3109/00498254.2014.999140. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Differences in the glucuronidation of bisphenols F and S between two homologous human UGT enzymes, 1A9 and 1A10.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana , Slovenia and.

Abstract

1. Bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) are bisphenol A (BPA) analogues commonly used in the manufacturing of industrial and consumer products. 2. Bisphenols are often detoxified through conjugation with glucuronic acid or sulfate. In this work, we have examined the glucuronidation of BPS and BPF by recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. In addition, we have reexamined BPA glucuronidation, using extra-hepatic UGTs that were not tested previously. 3. The results revealed that UGT1A9, primarily a hepatic enzyme, is mainly responsible for BPS glucuronidation, whereas UGT1A10, an intestine enzyme that is highly homologous to UGT1A9 at the protein level, is by far the most active UGT in BPF glucuronidation. In contrast to the latter two UGTs that display significant specificity in the glucuronidation of BPS and BPF, UGT2A1 that is mainly expressed in the airways, exhibited high activity toward all the tested bisphenols, BPS, BPF and BPA. UGT1A10 exhibited somewhat higher BPA glucuronidation activity than UGT1A9, but it was lower than UGT2A1 and UGT2B15. 4. The new findings demonstrate interesting differences in the glucuronidation patterns of bisphenols and provide new insights into the role of extra-hepatic tissues in their detoxification.

KEYWORDS:

Bisphenol F; UDP-glucuronosyltransferases; bisphenol S; detoxification; metabolism

PMID:
25547628
DOI:
10.3109/00498254.2014.999140
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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