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Cytoskeleton (Hoboken). 2014 Dec;71(12):663-76. doi: 10.1002/cm.21202. Epub 2015 Jan 31.

Tropomyosin isoforms support actomyosin biogenesis to generate contractile tension at the epithelial zonula adherens.

Author information

1
Division of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

Epithelial cells generate contractile forces at their cell-cell contacts. These are concentrated at the specialized apical junction of the zonula adherens (ZA), where a ring of stabilized E-cadherin lies adjacent to prominent actomyosin bundles. Coupling of adhesion and actomyosin contractility yields tension in the junction. The biogenesis of junctional contractility requires actin assembly at the ZA as well as the recruitment of nonmuscle myosin II, but the molecular regulators of these processes are not yet fully understood. We now report a role for tropomyosins 5NM1 (Tm5NM1) and 5NM2 (Tm5NM2) in their generation. Both these tropomyosin isoforms were found at the ZA and their depletion by RNAi or pharmacological inhibition reduced both F-actin and myosin II content at the junction. Photoactivation analysis revealed that the loss of F-actin was attributable to a decrease in filament stability. These changes were accompanied by a decrease in E-cadherin content at junctions. Ultimately, both long-term depletion of Tm5NM1/2 and acute inhibition with drugs caused junctional tension to be reduced. Thus these tropomyosin isoforms are novel contributors to junctional contractility and integrity.

KEYWORDS:

E-cadherin; actomyosin; contractility; tropomyosin; zonula adherens

PMID:
25545457
DOI:
10.1002/cm.21202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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