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Mov Disord. 2015 Mar;30(3):423-7. doi: 10.1002/mds.26115. Epub 2014 Dec 27.

A de novo ADCY5 mutation causes early-onset autosomal dominant chorea and dystonia.

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1
Plateforme GENOMAX, Laboratoire d'ImmunoRhumatologie Moléculaire, INSERM UMR_S1109, Centre de Recherche d'Immunologie et d'Hématologie, Faculté de Médecine, Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg (FMTS), Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

Apart from Huntington's disease, little is known of the genetics of autosomal dominant chorea associated with dystonia. Here we identify adenylate cyclase 5 (ADCY5) as a likely new causal gene for early-onset chorea and dystonia.

OBSERVATIONS:

Whole exome sequencing in a three-generation family affected with autosomal dominant chorea associated with dystonia identified a single de novo mutation—c.2088+1G>A in a 5' donor splice-site of ADCY5—segregating with the disease. This mutation seeming leads to RNA instability and therefore ADCY5 haploinsufficiency.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

Our finding confirms the genetic/clinical heterogeneity of the disorder; corroborated by previous identification of ADCY5 mutations in one family with dyskinesia-facial myokymia and in two unrelated sporadic cases of paxoysmal choreic/dystonia-facial myokymia; ADCY5's high expression in the striatum and movement disorders in ADCY5-deficient mice. Hence ADCY5 genetic analyses may be relevant in the diagnostic workup of unexplained early-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders.

KEYWORDS:

ADCY5; chorea associated with dystonia; exome

PMID:
25545163
DOI:
10.1002/mds.26115
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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