Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Spine J. 2015 May 1;15(5):817-24. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2014.12.019. Epub 2014 Dec 25.

Indirect foraminal decompression after anterior lumbar interbody fusion: a prospective radiographic study using a new pedicle-to-pedicle technique.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurospine Clinic, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia; Prince of Wales Hospital, University of New South Wales, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia; Department of Neurosurgery, University of New South Wales, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia. Electronic address: Prashanthdr@gmail.com.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurospine Clinic, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia; Department of Neurosurgery, University of New South Wales, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurospine Clinic, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurospine Clinic, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia; Prince of Wales Hospital, University of New South Wales, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia; Department of Neurosurgery, University of New South Wales, Level 7, Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, NSW 2031, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND CONTEXT:

A frequently quoted advantage of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is indirect foraminal decompression, although there are few studies substantiating this statement. Also, there are no clinical studies using a standardized method to measure the foraminal area (FA) and the correlation with disc height (DH) parameters. This study is proposed to measure the degree of indirect foraminal decompression radiologically using a standardized method and correlate with the intervertebral disc parameters.

PURPOSE:

To standardize the foramen measurement technique. To measure indirect neural foraminal decompression in surgically operated patients after ALIF using radiographic measurement and elucidate factors affecting foraminal restoration.

STUDY DESIGN:

A prospective cohort study.

PATIENT SAMPLE:

A continuous cohort of patients undergoing ALIF surgery.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

It included FA, foraminal height (FH), and foraminal width.

METHODS:

This is a prospective analysis of a single surgeon series of consecutive patients undergoing an ALIF from 2011 to 2013. Pre- and postoperative computed tomography scans were used to obtain a standardized foramen snapshot using the pedicle-to-pedicle (P-P) technique, and measurements were obtained using image j software. Radiologic parameters such as DH, local disc angle (LDA), and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured using radiographs and Surgimap software.

RESULTS:

One-hundred forty patients with 184 levels were operated. Anterior lumbar interbody fusion resulted in a statistically significant (p<.01) improvement in foraminal dimensions (area=67%, height=21%, and width=38%). Other parameters also significantly improved, including anterior DH (90%), posterior DH (77%), LDA, and LL (6%). Posterior DH correlated significantly with FH improvement. Statistically, the P-P technique presented with high intra- and interclass reliabilities.

CONCLUSIONS:

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion results in significant indirect foraminal decompression based on the new P-P technique. Posterior DH is a significant factor in the restoration of the FH.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion; Disc height; Fine cut CT; Foramen measurement; Indirect decompression; P-P technique

PMID:
25543011
DOI:
10.1016/j.spinee.2014.12.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center