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Kidney Int. 1989 Oct;36(4):593-600.

Urokinase synthesis and binding by glomerular epithelial cells in culture.

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INSERM, Unité 64, Hôpital Tenon, Paris, France.


Fibrin deposits are frequently observed in the course of proliferative extracapillary glomerulonephritis and could be related to a defective local fibrinolysis. We studied human glomerular epithelial cells in culture which were found to release mainly a urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) identified on zymography by its molecular weight (53 kD), its plasminogen activator activity, and its neutralization by specific polyclonal anti-u-PA IgG. Trace amounts of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) complexed to a plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) were identified with specific antibodies. Specific binding sites were found at the surface of glomerular epithelial cells (kD: 2.10(-9) M), partially occupied by secreted u-PA. The spontaneous u-PA activity of the culture medium conditioned by glomerular epithelial cells was very low, suggesting that u-PA was released in its inactive single chain proenzyme form (SC-u-PA). After activation of SC-u-PA by plasmin, u-PA activity of the culture medium was found to increase in a time- and dose-dependent manner when cells were incubated with phorbol myristic acetate (PMA). This effect was inhibited by H7, a protein kinase C inhibitor. Stimulation of u-PA synthesis by PMA was also observed in two different epithelial tubular cell lines. LLC-PK1 and MDCK cells. However, 8 bromo cyclic AMP which increased u-PA release by LLC-PK1 cells was found to inhibit u-PA release by PMA-stimulated glomerular epithelial cells and MDCK cells. By Northern blot analysis we found that PMA induced an increase of u-PA mRNA level in glomerular epithelial cells and that cyclic AMP had an opposite effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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