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J Med Genet. 2015 Mar;52(3):186-94. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2014-102592. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

ISCA2 mutation causes infantile neurodegenerative mitochondrial disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
3
Genetics Division, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
4
Section of Medical Genetics, Children's Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
5
Department of Biostatistics and Scientific Computing, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
6
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
7
Pediatrics Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Maternity & Children's Hospital, Al-Mad─źnah al-Munawarah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
8
Department of Radiology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
9
College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Department of Cell Biology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
10
Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Department of Biostatistics and Scientific Computing, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are numerous nuclear genes that cause mitochondrial disorders and clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders whose aetiology often remains unsolved. In this study, we aim to investigate an autosomal recessive syndrome causing leukodystrophy and neuroregression. We studied six patients from five unrelated consanguineous families.

METHODS:

Patients underwent full neurological, radiological, genetic, metabolic and dysmorphological examinations. Exome sequencing coupled with autozygosity mapping, Sanger sequencing, microsatellite haplotyping, standard and molecular karyotyping and whole mitochondrial DNA sequencing were used to identify the genetic cause of the syndrome. Immunohistochemistry, transmission electron microscopy, confocal microscopy, dipstick assays, quantitative PCR, reverse transcription PCR and quantitative reverse transcription PCR were performed on different tissue samples from the patients.

RESULTS:

We identified a homoallelic missense founder mutation in ISCA2 leading to mitochondrial depletion and reduced complex I activity as well as decreased ISCA2, ISCA1 and IBA57 expression in fibroblasts. MRI indicated similar white matter abnormalities in the patients. Histological examination of the skeletal muscle showed mild to moderate variation in myofibre size and the presence of many randomly distributed atrophic fibres.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data demonstrate that ISCA2 deficiency leads to a hereditary mitochondrial neurodegenerative white matter disease in infancy.

KEYWORDS:

Genetics

PMID:
25539947
DOI:
10.1136/jmedgenet-2014-102592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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