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J Neurochem. 1989 Dec;53(6):1852-60.

Adenosine formation and release by embryonic chick neurons and glia in cell culture.

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Department of Physiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville.


Adenosine formation and release were studied in 48-h-old cultured ciliary ganglia and confluent peripheral and CNS glial cultures from embryonic chicks. Metabolic poisoning induced by 30 mM 2-deoxyglucose and 2 micrograms/ml oligomycin reduced ATP concentration by 90%. An increase in adenosine accounted for 15-40% of the fall in ATP. Dilazep (3 X 10(-6) M), a nucleoside transport inhibitor, decreased both incorporation of adenosine (an index of nucleoside transport) and release of adenosine by 80-90%. Dilazep trapped the newly formed adenosine intracellularly. A concentration of alpha, beta-methylene ADP that inhibited ecto-5'-nucleotidase by 80-90% did not alter the concentration of adenosine or AMP in neurons, glia, or medium. The results demonstrate that adenosine is formed intracellularly and exported out of the cell via the nucleoside transporter. The participation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase was excluded.

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