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J Biol Chem. 1989 Oct 25;264(30):17924-30.

Molecular cloning and DNA sequence analysis of Escherichia coli topB, the gene encoding topoisomerase III.

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Program in Molecular Biology, Sloan-Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021.


Escherichia coli contains two type 1 topoisomerases, topoisomerase I and III. Although topoisomerase III can be purified as a potent decatenase, its role in DNA metabolism is unclear. In order to address this issue, the gene encoding topoisomerase III from E. coli has been molecularly cloned and its DNA sequence determined. The cloned fragment of DNA contains an open reading frame that can encode a polypeptide of 73.2 kDa. The first 20 amino acids of this open reading frame are identical to those of topoisomerase III as determined by amino-terminal gas-phase microsequencing. Expression of the polypeptide encoded by this open reading frame, using a bacteriophage T7 transient expression system, results in the accumulation of a 74-kDa polypeptide. Soluble extracts prepared from cells overexpressing this gene product show a dramatic increase in topoisomerase activity when compared with control extracts. We propose that this gene be designated topB.

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