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PLoS One. 2014 Dec 23;9(12):e112197. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112197. eCollection 2014.

Mobile technologies in the early detection of cognitive decline.

Author information

1
Univ. Bordeaux, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France; CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France; EPHE, Bordeaux, France; CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
2
Univ. Bordeaux, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France; CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France.
3
Univ. Bordeaux, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France; CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France; EPHE, Bordeaux, France.
4
Univ. Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897, Bordeaux, France; INSERM, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897, Bordeaux, France.
5
CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; Univ. Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897, Bordeaux, France; INSERM, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897, Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

The identification of biological and pathophysiological processes implicated in different forms of dementia is itself dependent on reliable descriptions of cognitive performance and capacities. However, traditional instruments are often unable to detect subtle declines in cognitive functions due to natural variation at the time of testing. Mobile technologies permit the repeated assessment of cognitive functions and may thereby provide more reliable descriptions of early cognitive difficulties that are inaccessible to clinic or hospital-based instruments. This assessment strategy is also able to characterize in real-time the dynamic associations between cognitive performance and specific daily life behaviors or activities. In a cohort of elderly rural residents, 60 individuals were administered neuropsychological and neuroimaging exams as well as a one-week period of electronic ambulatory monitoring of behavior, semantic memory performance, and daily life experiences. Whereas imaging markers were unrelated to traditional neuropsychological test scores, they were significantly associated with mobile assessments of semantic memory performance. Moreover, certain daily life activities such as reading or completing crossword puzzles were associated with increases in semantic memory performance over the subsequent hours of the same day. The revolution in mobile technologies provides unprecedented opportunities to overcome the barriers of time and context that characterize traditional hospital and clinical-based assessments. The combination of both novel and traditional methods should provide the best opportunity for identifying the earliest risk factors and biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.

PMID:
25536290
PMCID:
PMC4275158
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0112197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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