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Dev Cell. 2014 Dec 22;31(6):774-83. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2014.11.003.

The notochord breaks bilateral symmetry by controlling cell shapes in the zebrafish laterality organ.

Author information

1
Institute of Science and Technology Austria, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria.
2
Institute of Science and Technology Austria, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria. Electronic address: heisenberg@ist.ac.at.

Abstract

Kupffer's vesicle (KV) is the zebrafish organ of laterality, patterning the embryo along its left-right (LR) axis. Regional differences in cell shape within the lumen-lining KV epithelium are essential for its LR patterning function. However, the processes by which KV cells acquire their characteristic shapes are largely unknown. Here, we show that the notochord induces regional differences in cell shape within KV by triggering extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation adjacent to anterior-dorsal (AD) regions of KV. This localized ECM deposition restricts apical expansion of lumen-lining epithelial cells in AD regions of KV during lumen growth. Our study provides mechanistic insight into the processes by which KV translates global embryonic patterning into regional cell shape differences required for its LR symmetry-breaking function.

PMID:
25535919
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2014.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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