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Horm Metab Res. 1989 Oct;21(10):550-2.

Thyroid hormone action on ACTH secretion.

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Servicio de Endocrinología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.


Thyroid hormone effects on pituitary ACTH have not been well established. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered hypo- and hyperthyroid while undergoing treatment with 6-Propylthiouracil (PTU) and L-Thyroxine (T4). At the time of decapitation, plasma values for T4 (micrograms/100 ml) were 3.9 +/- 0.4 in the control, 17.3 +/- 2.2 in the T4 and less than 2 in the PTU treated group; plasma T3 and TSH confirmed hyper- and hypothyroidism in the T4 and PTU treated groups respectively. Plasma immunoassayable ACTH and corticosterone were significantly increased in hyperthyroid and decreased in the PTU treated animals. Pituitaries were removed and incubated in DMEM. After 3 h incubation, ACTH content and secretion to the medium were significantly lower in the PTU group. As expected, pituitary TSH content and secretion were decreased in the T4 treated animals. These data indicate that thyroid hormones influence pituitary-adrenal function by increasing ACTH secretion and consequently corticosterone production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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