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Nat Rev Immunol. 2015 Jan;15(1):7-17. doi: 10.1038/nri3777.

Epigenetic control of myeloid cell differentiation, identity and function.

Author information

1
Chromatin and Disease Group, Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Programme (PEBC), Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), 08908L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Stem Cell and Macrophage Biology, Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, Campus de Luminy, Case 906, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France.

Abstract

Myeloid cells are crucial effectors of the innate immune response and important regulators of adaptive immunity. The differentiation and activation of myeloid cells requires the timely regulation of gene expression; this depends on the interplay of a variety of elements, including transcription factors and epigenetic mechanisms. Epigenetic control involves histone modifications and DNA methylation, and is coupled to lineage-specifying transcription factors, upstream signalling pathways and external factors released in the bone marrow, blood and tissue environments. In this Review, we highlight key epigenetic events controlling myeloid cell biology, focusing on those related to myeloid cell differentiation, the acquisition of myeloid identity and innate immune memory.

PMID:
25534619
DOI:
10.1038/nri3777
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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