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Psychol Med. 2015 May;45(7):1551-63. doi: 10.1017/S0033291714002888. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

A heavy burden on young minds: the global burden of mental and substance use disorders in children and youth.

Author information

1
School of Population Health, University of Queensland,Herston,Queensland,Australia.
2
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience,Duke University,Durham,NC,USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,Duke University Medical Center,Durham,NC,USA.
4
Department of Paediatrics,University of Melbourne,Melbourne,Victoria,Australia.
5
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington,Seattle,Washington,USA.
6
Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research,Wacol,Queensland,Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mental and substance use disorders are common and often persistent, with many emerging in early life. Compared to adult mental and substance use disorders, the global burden attributable to these disorders in children and youth has received relatively little attention.

METHOD:

Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 was used to investigate the burden of mental and substance disorders in children and youth aged 0-24 years. Burden was estimated in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), derived from the sum of years lived with disability (YLDs) and years of life lost (YLLs).

RESULTS:

Globally, mental and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability in children and youth, accounting for a quarter of all YLDs (54.2 million). In terms of DALYs, they ranked 6th with 55.5 million DALYs (5.7%) and rose to 5th when mortality burden of suicide was reattributed. While mental and substance use disorders were the leading cause of DALYs in high-income countries (HICs), they ranked 7th in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) due to mortality attributable to infectious diseases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mental and substance use disorders are significant contributors to disease burden in children and youth across the globe. As reproductive health and the management of infectious diseases improves in LMICs, the proportion of disease burden in children and youth attributable to mental and substance use disorders will increase, necessitating a realignment of health services in these countries.

KEYWORDS:

mental and substance use disorders

PMID:
25534496
PMCID:
PMC5922255
DOI:
10.1017/S0033291714002888
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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