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Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2015 Apr;60(2):87-93. doi: 10.1016/j.anplas.2014.11.002. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

[Louis Ombrédanne (1871-1956) pediatric and plastic surgeon].

[Article in French]

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One of the fathers of pediatric surgery in France, Louis Ombrédanne (1871-1956) was a great plastic surgeon. During his residency he was initiated to plastic surgery by Charles Nélaton (1851-1911). Both wrote two books: "La rhinoplastie" and "Les autoplasties", taking stock of these techniques in the early 20th century. In 1906, he was the first to describe the pectoral muscle flap for immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy. He used this flap in conjunction with an axillo thoracic flap. From 1908 to 1941, Louis Ombrédanne practised pediatric surgery, most of which was devoted in reconstruction of congenital and acquire anomalies. From 1924 to 1941, he was Professor of pediatric surgery at the hospital Enfants-Malades in Paris. In 1907, Louis Ombrédanne created a prototype of an ether inhaler as a safe anesthetic device. The device was successfully used for fifty years in Europe.


Chirurgie plastique; Chirurgie pédiatrique; Histoire de la chirurgie; History of surgery; Pediatric surgery; Plastic surgery

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