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Br Med Bull. 2015 Mar;113(1):45-58. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldu038. Epub 2014 Dec 22.

Turner syndrome--issues to consider for transition to adulthood.

Author information

1
Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Dalnair Street, Glasgow, UK.
2
Turner Syndrome Support Society, 12 Simpson Court, Clydebank, UK.
3
Assisted Conception Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Castle Street, Glasgow, UK.
4
College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, University Avenue, Glasgow, UK.
5
Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Dalnair Street, Glasgow, UK avrilmason@nhs.net Avril.mason@ggc.scot.nhs.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with a spectrum of health problems across the age span, which requires particular attention during the transition period in these adolescents.

AREAS OF AGREEMENT:

The majority of girls with TS require oestrogen replacement from puberty onwards, which is important for adequate feminization, uterine development and maintenance of bone health. There is a lifetime increased risk from autoimmune conditions like hypothyroidism, coeliac disease, hearing loss and aortic dilatation with the potential to lead to aortic dissection. A systematic and holistic approach to provision of health care in TS is needed.

AREAS OF CONTROVERSY:

Several unanswered questions remain, including the choice of hormone replacement therapy in the young person with TS and in adulthood; the optimal mode of cardiovascular assessment; the best management and assessment prior to and during pregnancy.

AREAS TIMELY FOR DEVELOPING RESEARCH:

The optimal model of care and transition to adult services in TS requires attention. Further research is needed in relation to cardiovascular risk assessment, pregnancy management and hormone replacement therapy in TS.

KEYWORDS:

Turner syndrome; aortic dilatation; aortic dissection; hormone replacement therapy; pregnancy; puberty; transition

PMID:
25533182
DOI:
10.1093/bmb/ldu038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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