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Res Dev Disabil. 2015 Mar;38:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.11.020. Epub 2014 Dec 20.

Nutritional deficiencies and overweight prevalence among children with autism spectrum disorder.

Author information

1
Child Development Center, Edmond and Lily Safra Children Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Sackler Medical Faculty, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: yael.shmaya@gmail.com.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Sackler Medical Faculty, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Zinman College for Physical Education & Sports, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
4
Child Development Center, Edmond and Lily Safra Children Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk of developing nutritional deviations. Three to six year old children with ASD were compared to their typically developing siblings and to a typically developing age and gender matched control group, in order to evaluate their intake and body mass index. Nutrient intake was compared to the Dietary Reference Intake using three-day diet diaries completed by the parents. The sum percentage of nutritional deficiencies in the ASD group compared to the typical development group was 342.5% (±122.9%) vs. 275.9% (±106.8%), respectively (P=0.026). A trend toward higher deficiency in the ASD group was observed as compared to the sibling group 363% (±122.9%) vs. 283.2% (±94.7%) (P=0.071). A higher body mass index was found in the ASD group compared to their counterparts, despite their nutritional deficiencies. In conclusion, children with ASD are more likely to suffer from nutritional deficiencies despite higher body mass index.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; Dietary intake; Eating difficulties; Nutritional deficiencies

PMID:
25532026
DOI:
10.1016/j.ridd.2014.11.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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