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Psychol Health Med. 2015;20(8):997-1004. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2014.993404. Epub 2014 Dec 22.

Health-related quality of life after solid organ transplantation: the role of sport activity.

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a Department of Psychology , University of Bologna , Via Berti Pichat, 5, 40126 Bologna , Italy.
b No Profit Foundation for the Advancement of Organ and Tissue Transplantation , Passaggio Gaudenzio 1, 35131 Padua , Italy.
c Education and Research Department Isokinetic Medical Group , v. di Casteldebole 8/4, 40132 Bologna , Italy.
d Nephrology and Dialysis Unit , Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital , Via Carlo Forlanini, 34, 40121 Forlì , Italy.
e Italian National Transplant Center, National Institute of Health , Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma , Italy.


The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of sport activity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of solid organ transplant recipients participating in sports competitions. A group of 168 sportive transplanted patients (STP), a group of 97 nonsportive transplanted patients (NSTP), and a group of 152 sportive healthy controls (SHC) were compared on the eight scales of the SF-36 questionnaire. STP and NSTP reported significantly lower scores than SHC on the physical functioning scale. STP did not differ from SHC in the Role-Physical, General Health, and Vitality scales, while NSTP reported significantly lower scores. STP obtained higher scores than NSTP and SHC on Mental Health. Among STP, the effect of quantity of sport activity was significant on General Health and Role Emotional, with more sport activity associated with higher HRQoL. Organ failure and post-transplant therapies may have negative consequences on HRQoL. Sports activities and participation in sports competitions can reduce this impact, improving general and psychological functioning of solid organ transplant recipients.


health behaviors; judgment; quality of life; social psychology

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