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J Athl Train. 2015 Feb;50(2):211-6. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.64. Epub 2014 Dec 22.

Injuries in professional male soccer players in the Netherlands: a prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Leiden;

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Injuries are a major adverse event in a soccer player's career. Reducing injury incidence requires a thorough knowledge of the epidemiology of soccer injuries.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the incidence and characteristics of injuries in the Dutch premier soccer league.

DESIGN:

Cohort study.

SETTING:

The Dutch premier soccer league.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:

During the 2009-2010 soccer season, a total of 217 professional soccer players from 8 teams were prospectively followed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

The medical staff recorded time-loss injuries, including information on injuries (ie, type, body part, duration) and exposure data for training sessions and matches.

RESULTS:

A total of 286 injuries were recorded, affecting 62.7% of the players. The overall injury incidence was 6.2 injuries per 1000 player-hours, 2.8 in training sessions and 32.8 in matches. Most of the recorded injuries were acute (68.5%). Eight percent of the injuries were classified as recurrent. Injuries were most likely to be located in the lower extremities (82.9%). Injury time loss ranged from 1 to 752 days, with a median of 8 days. Knee injuries had the greatest consequences in terms of days of absence from soccer play (on average, 45 days). The most common diagnosis was muscle/tendon injury of the lower extremities (32.9%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Injury risk in the Dutch premier soccer league is high, especially during matches. Preventive measures should focus on the most common diagnoses, namely, muscle/tendon injuries of the lower extremities.

KEYWORDS:

elite athletes; epidemiology; football; incidence

PMID:
25531144
PMCID:
PMC4495432
DOI:
10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.64
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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