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Nutr J. 2014 Dec 22;13(1):121. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-121.

Association between quality of the diet and cardiometabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women.

Author information

1
Instituto Fernandes Figueira (IFF/Fiocruz), Avenida Rui Barbosa, 716-Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. vaniamf36@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Climateric is a phase of women's life marked by the transition from the reproductive to the non-reproductive period. In addition to overall weight gain, the menopause is also associated with the increase of abdominal fat. We used The Healthy Eating Index as a summary measure to evaluate the major components and the quality of women's diet after the onset of the menopause. This study aims at examining the association between the quality of the diet and cardiometabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study including 215 postmenopausal women attending a public outpatient clinic. The 24-hour dietary recall method was used to assess the food intake and to establish the Healthy Eating Index. Diets were then classified as appropriate diet (>80 points), diet "requiring improvement" (80-51 points), and poor diet (<51 points). Cardiometabolic risk factors included abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The Fisher's exact test was utilized for the Statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

The analysis of the food intake showed that the average daily intake of lipids (36.7%) and sodium (2829.9 mg) were above the recommended. Only 8.8% of the women performed moderate or intense physical exercises on a regular basis. The diet was considered poor in 16.3%, "requiring improvement" in 82.8%, and appropriate for only 0.9% of the women. The study detected increased waist circumference in 92.1% of the participants. The mean concentration of triglycerides was of 183.3 mg/dl, and 130.7 mg/dl for cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein).

CONCLUSION:

Women consume a low quality diet, possibly due to the low intake of vegetables and fruits and excessive consumption of sodium. These inappropriate eating habits are associated with and, have a negative impact on the cardiometabolic risk factors such as abdominal obesity.

PMID:
25529573
PMCID:
PMC4320572
DOI:
10.1186/1475-2891-13-121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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