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J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Apr;30(4):508-13. doi: 10.1007/s11606-014-3144-y. Epub 2014 Dec 20.

Physician burnout: coaching a way out.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, POB 669, Brookline, MA, 02446, USA, drgazelle@gailgazelle.com.

Abstract

Twenty-five to sixty percent of physicians report burnout across all specialties. Changes in the healthcare environment have created marked and growing external pressures. In addition, physicians are predisposed to burnout due to internal traits such as compulsiveness, guilt, and self-denial, and a medical culture that emphasizes perfectionism, denial of personal vulnerability, and delayed gratification. Professional coaching, long utilized in the business world, provides a results-oriented and stigma-free method to address burnout, primarily by increasing one's internal locus of control. Coaching enhances self-awareness, drawing on individual strengths, questioning self-defeating thoughts and beliefs, examining new perspectives, and aligning personal values with professional duties. Coaching utilizes established techniques to increase one's sense of accomplishment, purpose, and engagement, all critical in ameliorating burnout. Coaching presumes that the client already possesses strengths and skills to handle life's challenges, but is not accessing them maximally. Although an evidence base is not yet established, the theoretical basis of coaching's efficacy derives from the fields of positive psychology, mindfulness, and self-determination theory. Using a case example, this article demonstrates the potential of professional coaching to address physician burnout.

PMID:
25527340
PMCID:
PMC4371007
DOI:
10.1007/s11606-014-3144-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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