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Int Health. 2015 Sep;7(5):339-47. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu090. Epub 2014 Dec 19.

Non-communicable disease training for public health workers in low- and middle-income countries: lessons learned from a pilot training in Tanzania.

Author information

1
Division of Public Health Systems and Workforce Development, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, USA evelyn.p.davila@gmail.com.
2
Field Epidemiology Laboratory Training Program Tanzania, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Tanzania.
3
Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, USA.
4
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, USA.
5
Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology and Copenhagen School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
6
Deloitte Consulting, Atlanta, USA.
7
GEARS Inc., Atlanta, USA and Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, USA.
8
Copenhagen School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
9
Division of Public Health Systems and Workforce Development, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing worldwide. A lack of training and experience in NCDs among public health workers is evident in low- and middle- income countries.

METHODS:

We describe the design and outcomes of applied training in NCD epidemiology and control piloted in Tanzania that included a 2-week interactive course and a 6-month NCD field project. Trainees (n=14 initiated; n=13 completed) were epidemiology-trained Ministry of Health or hospital staff. We evaluated the training using Kirkpatrick's evaluation model for measuring reactions, learning, behavior and results using pre- and post-tests and closed-ended and open-ended questions.

RESULTS:

Significant improvements in knowledge and self-reported competencies were observed. Trainees reported applying competencies at work and supervisors reported improvements in trainees' performance. Six field projects were completed; one led to staffing changes and education materials for patients with diabetes and another to the initiation of an injury surveillance system. Workplace support and mentoring were factors that facilitated the completion of projects. Follow-up of participants was difficult, limiting our evaluation of the training's outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

The applied NCD epidemiology and control training piloted in Tanzania was well received and showed improvements in knowledge, skill and self-efficacy and changes in workplace behavior and institutional and organizational changes. Further evaluations are needed to better understand the impact of similar NCD trainings and future trainers should ensure that trainees have mentoring and workplace support prior to participating in an applied NCD training.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic disease; Developing nations; Non-communicable disease; Public health worker; Training

PMID:
25526907
DOI:
10.1093/inthealth/ihu090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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