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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Jul;1854(7):746-56. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2014.12.013. Epub 2014 Dec 16.

Cerebrospinal fluid proteomics in multiple sclerosis.

Author information

1
Proteomics Unit (PROBE), Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5009 Bergen, Norway; The KG Jebsen Centre for MS-Research, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5021 Bergen, Norway.
2
Proteomics Unit (PROBE), Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5009 Bergen, Norway.
3
The KG Jebsen Centre for MS-Research, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5021 Bergen, Norway; Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Postbox 1400, 5021 Bergen, Norway; The Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis Competence Centre, Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Postbox 1400, 5021 Bergen, Norway.
4
Proteomics Unit (PROBE), Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5009 Bergen, Norway; The KG Jebsen Centre for MS-Research, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Postbox 7804, N-5021 Bergen, Norway; The Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis Competence Centre, Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Postbox 1400, 5021 Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: Frode.Berven@biomed.uib.no.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system usually initiated during young adulthood, affecting approximately 2.5 million people worldwide. There is currently no cure for MS, but disease modifying treatment has become increasingly more effective, especially when started in the first phase of the disease. The disease course and prognosis are often unpredictable and it can be challenging to determine an early diagnosis. The detection of novel biomarkers to understand more of the disease mechanism, facilitate early diagnosis, predict disease progression, and find treatment targets would be very attractive. Over the last decade there has been an increasing effort toward finding such biomarker candidates. One promising strategy has been to use state-of-the-art quantitative proteomics approaches to compare the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteome between MS and control patients or between different subgroups of MS. In this review we summarize and discuss the status of CSF proteomics in MS, including the latest findings with a focus on the last five years. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuroproteomics: Applications in Neuroscience and Neurology.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarker; Cerebrospinal fluid; Multiple sclerosis; Proteomics

PMID:
25526888
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbapap.2014.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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