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Environ Manage. 2015 Mar;55(3):671-86. doi: 10.1007/s00267-014-0423-7. Epub 2014 Dec 21.

Impacts of small scale flow regulation on sediment dynamics in an ecologically important upland river.

Author information

1
Northern Rivers Institute, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, quinlanemma@gmail.com.

Abstract

Flow regulation is widely recognized as affecting fluvial processes and river ecosystems. Most impact assessments have focused on large dams and major water transfer schemes, so relatively little is known about the impacts of smaller dams, weirs and water diversions. This paper assesses sediment dynamics in an upland river (the Ehen, NW England) whose flows are regulated by a small weir and tributary diversion. The river is important ecologically due to the presence of the endangered freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera, a species known to be sensitive to sedimentary conditions. Fine sediment yield for the 300-m long study reach was estimated to be 0.057 t km(-2) year(-1), a very low value relative to other upland UK rivers. Mean in-channel storage of fine sediment was also low, estimated at an average of around 40 g m(-2). Although the study period was characterized by frequent high flow events, little movement of coarser bed material was observed. Data therefore indicate an extremely stable fluvial system within the study reach. The implication of this stability for pearl mussels is discussed.

PMID:
25526848
DOI:
10.1007/s00267-014-0423-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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