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Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2015 Mar 5;138:395-405. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2014.11.073. Epub 2014 Nov 29.

Five different spectrophotometric methods for determination of Amprolium hydrochloride and Ethopabate binary mixture.

Author information

1
Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, 11566, Cairo, Egypt.
2
Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, 11566, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: mahmoud_abbas@pharma.asu.edu.eg.

Abstract

Five simple, specific, accurate and precise UV-spectrophotometric methods are adopted for the simultaneous determination of Amprolium hydrochloride (AMP) and Ethopabate (ETH), a binary mixture with overlapping spectra, without preliminary separation. The first method is first derivative of the ratio spectra ((1)DD) for determination of AMP and ETH at 234.7nm and 306.8nm respectively with mean percentage recoveries 99.76±0.907 and 100.29±0.842 respectively. The second method is the mean centering of the ratio spectra for determination of AMP and ETH at 238.8nm and 313nm respectively with mean percentage recoveries 100.26±1.018 and 99.94±1.286 respectively. The third method is based on dual wavelength selection for determination of AMP and ETH at 235.3nm & 308nm and 244nm & 268.4nm respectively with mean percentage recoveries 99.30±1.097 and 100.03±1.065 respectively. The fourth method is ratio difference method for determination of AMP and ETH at 239nm & 310nm and 239nm & 313nm respectively with mean percentage recoveries 99.27±0.892 and 100.40±1.814 respectively. The fifth one is area under the curve (AUC) method where the areas between 235.6-243nm and 268.3-275nm are selected for determination of AMP and ETH with mean percentage recoveries 100.35±1.031 and 100.39±0.956 respectively. These methods are tested by analyzing synthetic mixtures of the two drugs and they are applied to their pharmaceutical veterinary preparation. Methods are validated according to the ICH guidelines and accuracy, precision and repeatability are found to be within the acceptable limit.

KEYWORDS:

Amprolium hydrochloride; Area under curve; Dual wavelength; Ethopabate; Ratio spectra; Spectrophotometry

PMID:
25523045
DOI:
10.1016/j.saa.2014.11.073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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