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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Feb;23(2):296-300. doi: 10.1002/oby.20955. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Large-scale automated analysis of news media: a novel computational method for obesity policy research.

Author information

1
Division of General Medical Disciplines, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Analyzing news media allows obesity policy researchers to understand popular conceptions about obesity, which is important for targeting health education and policies. A persistent dilemma is that investigators have to read and manually classify thousands of individual news articles to identify how obesity and obesity-related policy proposals may be described to the public in the media. A machine learning method called "automated content analysis" that permits researchers to train computers to "read" and classify massive volumes of documents was demonstrated.

METHODS:

14,302 newspaper articles that mentioned the word "obesity" during 2011-2012 were identified. Four states that vary in obesity prevalence and policy (Alabama, California, New Jersey, and North Carolina) were examined. The reliability of an automated program to categorize the media's framing of obesity as an individual-level problem (e.g., diet) and/or an environmental-level problem (e.g., obesogenic environment) was tested.

RESULTS:

The automated program performed similarly to human coders. The proportion of articles with individual-level framing (27.7-31.0%) was higher than the proportion with neutral (18.0-22.1%) or environmental-level framing (16.0-16.4%) across all states and over the entire study period (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

A novel approach to the study of how obesity concepts are communicated and propagated in news media was demonstrated.

PMID:
25522013
PMCID:
PMC4449277
DOI:
10.1002/oby.20955
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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