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Int J Nurs Pract. 2016 Apr;22(2):129-37. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12377. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Factors contributing to malnutrition in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

Our objective in this study was to evaluate the nutritional status and to identify clinical, psychosocial, and nutritional factors contributing to malnutrition in Korean patients with Parkinson's disease. We used a descriptive, cross-sectional study design. Of 102 enrolled patients, 26 (25.5%) were malnourished and 27 (26.5%) were at risk of malnutrition based on Mini-Nutritional Assessment scores. Malnutrition was related to activity of daily living score, Hoehn and Yahr stage, duration of levodopa therapy, Beck Depression Inventory and Spielberger's Anxiety Inventory scores, body weight, body weight at onset of Parkinson's disease, and body mass index. On multiple logistic regression analysis, anxiety score, duration of levodopa therapy, body weight at onset of Parkinson's disease, and loss of body weight were significant factors predicting malnutrition in Parkinson's disease patients. Therefore, nutritional assessment, including psychological evaluation, is required for Parkinson's disease patients to facilitate interdisciplinary nutritional intervention for malnourished patients.

KEYWORDS:

Parkinson's disorder; malnutrition; nutritional status

PMID:
25521723
DOI:
10.1111/ijn.12377
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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