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Home Health Care Serv Q. 2015;34(1):14-29. doi: 10.1080/01621424.2014.995257.

A comparison between end-of-life home care clients with cancer and heart failure in Ontario.

Author information

1
a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education and Health Sciences Program , Wilfrid Laurier University , Waterloo , Ontario , Canada.

Abstract

Individuals with heart failure experience complex symptoms and have a poor prognosis, comparable to those with cancer. However, people with heart failure are less likely to be recognized as needing palliative care. We compared seriously ill home care clients with cancer versus those with heart failure to explore differences between them using existing data from the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC). The sample included 1,475 older adults (65+) in Ontario who had a prognosis of less than 6 months or severe health instability. Clients with heart failure were significantly older (p < .0001) and experienced significantly higher rates of impairment in activities of daily living (p = .005), cognitive impairment (p < .0001), and severe health instability (p < .0001), but were significantly less likely to have a prognosis of less than 6 months (p < .0001). Home care clients with heart failure have needs similar to those with cancer yet are typically not identified as having a terminal prognosis.

KEYWORDS:

Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care; cancer; end-of-life care; heart failure; palliative care

PMID:
25517422
DOI:
10.1080/01621424.2014.995257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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