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Hum Genet. 2015 Mar;134(3):279-89. doi: 10.1007/s00439-014-1520-7. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

Genome-wide association study identifies a PSMD3 variant associated with neutropenia in interferon-based therapy for chronic hepatitis C.

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Department of Virology and Liver Unit, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kawasumi, Mizuho, Nagoya, 467-8601, Japan.


Cytopenia during interferon-based (IFN-based) therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) often necessitates reduction of doses of drugs and premature withdrawal from therapy resulting in poor response to treatment. To identify genetic variants associated with IFN-induced neutropenia, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 416 Japanese CHC patients receiving IFN-based therapy. Based on the results, we selected 192 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to carry out a replication analysis in an independent set of 404 subjects. The SNP rs2305482, located in the intron region of the PSMD3 gene on chromosome 17, showed a strong association when the results of GWAS and the replication stage were combined (OR = 2.18, P = 3.05 × 10(-7) in the allele frequency model). Logistic regression analysis showed that rs2305482 CC and neutrophil count at baseline were independent predictive factors for IFN-induced neutropenia (OR = 2.497, P = 0.0072 and OR = 0.998, P < 0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, rs2305482 genotype was associated with the doses of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) that could be tolerated in hepatitis C virus genotype 1-infected patients treated with PEG-IFN plus ribavirin, but not with treatment efficacy. Our results suggest that genetic testing for this variant might be useful for establishing personalized drug dosing in order to minimize drug-induced adverse events.

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