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Menopause. 2015 Jul;22(7):750-7. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000000378.

Adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern and menopausal symptoms in relation to overweight/obesity in Spanish perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Author information

1
From the 1Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 2Center for Nutritional Research, Department of Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; 3CIBERobn Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; and 4Spanish Pharmacists Council, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aims to assess the relationship of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern, as well as the presence of menopausal symptoms, with overweight/obesity in Spanish perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.

METHODS:

Participants in this cross-sectional study were 8,954 Spanish perimenopausal or postmenopausal women. Anthropometric measurements were recorded, and all women were interviewed to assess their adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern, using a validated questionnaire and the Menopause and Health subscale of the validated Cervantes Scale. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between categories of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the odds of being overweight/obese. Multinomial logistic regression was used to study the association between menopausal symptoms and the odds of being overweight/obese (reference categories: participants in the low-adherence category and participants with no menopausal problems).

RESULTS:

After adjustment for relevant confounders, the odds ratio (95% CI) for being overweight/obese among women in the highest category of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern was 0.68 (0.60-0.78; P for trend <0.001). The odds ratio (95% CI) for being overweight/obese was 3.05 (1.98-4.71) for the category "severe problems" in comparison with the category "no problems."

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher adherence to a healthy dietary pattern (Mediterranean diet) is inversely associated with overweight/obesity in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. The occurrence of low to severe problems during perimenopause or postmenopause is positively associated with overweight/obesity. Therefore, high adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and a body mass index of 25kg/m(2) or lower might improve quality of life in women at these stages.

PMID:
25513984
DOI:
10.1097/GME.0000000000000378
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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