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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2015 Jan 15;566:100-9. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2014.12.004. Epub 2014 Dec 13.

Monoterpene (-)-citronellal affects hepatocarcinoma cell signaling via an olfactory receptor.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Physiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: desireemassberg@gmx.de.
2
Department of Cell Physiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: a.simon-mail@web.de.
3
Clinic of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: haeussin@uni-duesseldorf.de.
4
Clinic of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: verena.keitel@med.uni-duesseldorf.de.
5
Department of Cell Physiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: guenter.gisselmann@rub.de.
6
Department of Cell Physiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: heike.benecke@med.uni-goettingen.de.
7
Department of Cell Physiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: hanns.hatt@rub.de.

Abstract

Terpenes are the major constituents of essential oils in plants. In recent years, terpenes have become of clinical relevance due to their ability to suppress cancer development. Their effect on cellular proliferation has made them promising agents in the prevention or treatment of many types of cancer. In the present study, a subset of different monoterpenes was investigated for their molecular effects on the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Huh7. Using fluorometric calcium imaging, acyclic monoterpene (-)-citronellal was found to induce transient Ca(2+) signals in Huh7 cells by activating a cAMP-dependent signaling pathway. Moreover, we detected the (-)-citronellal-activated human olfactory receptor OR1A2 at the mRNA and protein levels and demonstrated its potential involvement in (-)-citronellal-induced calcium signaling in Huh7 cells. Furthermore, activation of OR1A2 results in phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and reduced cell proliferation, indicating an effect on hepatocellular carcinoma progression. Here, we provide for the first time data on the molecular mechanism evoked by (-)-citronellal in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The identified olfactory receptor could serve as a potential therapeutic target for cancer diagnosis and treatment.

KEYWORDS:

(−)-Citronellal; Calcium; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Olfactory receptor; Proliferation; p38 MAPK

PMID:
25513961
DOI:
10.1016/j.abb.2014.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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