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J Neurosci. 2014 Dec 10;34(50):16671-87. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0584-14.2014.

Preictal activity of subicular, CA1, and dentate gyrus principal neurons in the dorsal hippocampus before spontaneous seizures in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy.

Author information

1
Departments of Comparative Medicine and Department of Pharmacology, Nihon University School of Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan 101-8310.
2
Departments of Comparative Medicine and.
3
Departments of Comparative Medicine and Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, and psb@stanford.edu.

Abstract

Previous studies suggest that spontaneous seizures in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy might be preceded by increased action potential firing of hippocampal neurons. Preictal activity is potentially important because it might provide new opportunities for predicting when a seizure is about to occur and insight into how spontaneous seizures are generated. We evaluated local field potentials and unit activity of single, putative excitatory neurons in the subiculum, CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus of the dorsal hippocampus in epileptic pilocarpine-treated rats as they experienced spontaneous seizures. Average action potential firing rates of neurons in the subiculum, CA1, and dentate gyrus, but not CA3, increased significantly and progressively beginning 2-4 min before locally recorded spontaneous seizures. In the subiculum, CA1, and dentate gyrus, but not CA3, 41-57% of neurons displayed increased preictal activity with significant consistency across multiple seizures. Much of the increased preictal firing of neurons in the subiculum and CA1 correlated with preictal theta activity, whereas preictal firing of neurons in the dentate gyrus was independent of theta. In addition, some CA1 and dentate gyrus neurons displayed reduced firing rates preictally. These results reveal that different hippocampal subregions exhibit differences in the extent and potential underlying mechanisms of preictal activity. The finding of robust and significantly consistent preictal activity of subicular, CA1, and dentate neurons in the dorsal hippocampus, despite the likelihood that many seizures initiated in other brain regions, suggests the existence of a broader neuronal network whose activity changes minutes before spontaneous seizures initiate.

KEYWORDS:

hippocampus; subiculum; unit recording

PMID:
25505320
PMCID:
PMC4261094
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0584-14.2014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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