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J Dent Res. 1989 Sep;68(9):1303-7.

Adsorbed salivary acidic proline-rich proteins contribute to the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans JBP to apatitic surfaces.

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Department of Microbiology, Forsyth Dental Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


Experimental pellicles formed on hydroxyapatite (HA) beads from parotid or submandibular saliva promoted the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans JBP cells to a greater extent than did pellicles prepared from buffer, human plasma, or serum. The nature of the salivary components responsible was studied by the preparation of pellicles from fractions of parotid saliva obtained by chromatography on Trisacryl GF 2000 columns. Two groups of fractions promoted attachment of the organism. Components migrating in the high-molecular-weight mucin fraction were most effective, but a later-eluting fraction also possessed adhesion-promoting activity. Subfractionation of the latter material indicated that the adhesion-promoting activity was associated with the acidic proline-rich proteins (PRPs). Pellicles prepared from 10-20-micrograms/mL solutions of pure PRP-1 were effective in promoting attachment of S. mutans JBP cells. PRP-3 was less effective, while human salivary statherin, fibrinogen, fibronectin, type 1 collagen, and the amino-terminal tryptic peptide derived from PRP-1 were ineffective. The quantities of 150-residue and 106-residue PRPs and of statherin, which became incorporated into experimental pellicles prepared from saliva, were estimated with use of radiolabeled protein tracers. The data obtained suggest that these proteins compete for similar binding sites on HA, and that their ratios in saliva would therefore influence the quantity of the larger PRPs that become incorporated into the pellicle. Such competition may contribute to the variability observed in the adhesion-promoting activities of different saliva samples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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