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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Apr;135(4):1045-55. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001104.

Studies in fat grafting: Part IV. Adipose-derived stromal cell gene expression in cell-assisted lipotransfer.

Author information

1
Stanford, Calif. From the Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine; and the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fat graft volume retention remains highly unpredictable, but addition of adipose-derived stromal cells to fat grafts has been shown to improve retention. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanisms involved in adipose-derived stromal cell enhancement of fat grafting.

METHODS:

Adipose-derived stromal cells isolated from human lipoaspirate were labeled with green fluorescent protein and luciferase. Fat grafts enhanced with adipose-derived stromal cells were injected into the scalp and bioluminescent imaging was performed to follow retention of adipose-derived stromal cells within the fat graft. Fat grafts were also explanted at days 1, 5, and 10 after grafting for adipose-derived stromal cell extraction and single-cell gene analysis. Finally, CD31 immunohistochemical staining was performed on fat grafts enriched with adipose-derived stromal cells.

RESULTS:

Bioluminescent imaging demonstrated significant reduction in luciferase-positive adipose-derived stromal cells within fat grafts at 5 days after grafting. A similar reduction in viable green fluorescent protein-positive adipose-derived stromal cells retrieved from explanted grafts was also noted. Single-cell analysis revealed expression of multiple genes/markers related to cell survival and angiogenesis, including BMPR2, CD90, CD105, FGF2, CD248, TGFß1, and VEGFA. Genes involved in adipogenesis were not expressed by adipose-derived stromal cells. Finally, CD31 staining revealed significantly higher vascular density in fat grafts explanted at day 10 after grafting.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although adipose-derived stromal cell survival in the hypoxic graft environment decreases significantly over time, these cells provide multiple angiogenic growth factors. Therefore, improved fat graft volume retention with adipose-derived stromal cell enrichment may be attributable to improved graft vascularization.

PMID:
25502860
PMCID:
PMC4376612
DOI:
10.1097/PRS.0000000000001104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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