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Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2015;19(2):471. doi: 10.1007/s11916-014-0471-y.

Hemiplegia and headache: a review of hemiplegia in headache disorders.

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Department of Neurology, University of Nevada, 75 Pringle Way, Suite 401, Reno, NV, 89502, USA,


The most common scenario wherein the practicing neurologist is likely to encounter a patient with headache and hemiplegia will vary depending on his/her specific type of practice. A neurologist providing consultative service to an emergency department is far more likely to see patients with "secondary" headache and hemiplegia in the setting of either ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke than hemiplegia as a transient feature of a primary headache disorder. Neurologists subspecializing in headache medicine who practice in a tertiary referral headache clinic are more likely to encounter hemiplegic migraine, but even in that clinical setting hemiplegic migraine is by no means a frequent diagnosis. The acute onset of hemiplegia can be very frightening not only to the patient but also to the medical personnel. Given the abundance of mimicry, practitioners must judiciously ascertain the correct diagnosis as treatment may greatly vary depending on the cause of both headache and hemiplegia. In this review, we will address the most common causes of hemiplegia associated with headache.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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