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Eur J Public Health. 2015 Jun;25(3):506-12. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cku208. Epub 2014 Dec 13.

Tuberculosis among migrant populations in the European Union and the European Economic Area.

Author information

1
1 Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA 2 Unit of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy anna.odone@mail.harvard.edu.
2
3 European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
3
4 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden.
4
5 LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
5
6 Centre for Social Science and Global Health, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although tuberculosis (TB) incidence has been decreasing in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in the last decades, specific subgroups of the population, such as migrants, remain at high risk of TB. This study is based on the report 'Key Infectious Diseases in Migrant Populations in the EU/EEA' commissioned by The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

METHODS:

We collected, critically appraised and summarized the available evidence on the TB burden in migrants in the EU/EEA. Data were collected through: (i) a comprehensive literature review; (ii) analysis of data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) and (iii) evidence provided by TB experts during an infectious disease workshop in 2012.

RESULTS:

In 2010, of the 73,996 TB cases notified in the EU/EEA, 25% were of foreign origin. The overall decrease of TB cases observed in recent years has not been reflected in migrant populations. Foreign-born people with TB exhibit different socioeconomic and clinical characteristics than native sufferers.

CONCLUSION:

This is one of the first studies to use multiple data sources, including the largest available European database on infectious disease notifications, to assess the burden and provide a comprehensive description and analysis of specific TB features in migrants in the EU/EEA. Strengthened information about health determinants and factors for migrants' vulnerability is needed to plan, implement and evaluate targeted TB care and control interventions for migrants in the EU/EEA.

PMID:
25500265
PMCID:
PMC4440450
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/cku208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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