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Viral Immunol. 1989;2(2):103-13.

Characterization of anti-idiotypic antibodies generated against foot-and-mouth disease virus neutralizing monoclonal antibodies.

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Molecular Biology Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Greenport, NY.


A series of seven neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (nMAbs) against type A12 foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was used to induce polyclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies (anti-ids) in rabbits. The anti-ids were semi-purified through isotype affinity columns and assayed by solid-phase radioimmunoassay for cross-reactivity. nMAbs which map to the same epitope on the virion appear to contain a common idiotype, and the corresponding anti-ids competitively inhibited the virus-nMAb reaction. Using a modified ELISA assay, it was possible to demonstrate binding of purified anti-ids to FMDV susceptible tissue culture cells. Such antibodies however, did not interfere with the binding of virus to cells, and the binding of anti-ids to FMDV receptor-negative cells could also be demonstrated. Mice were inoculated with purified anti-ids, and two elicited anti-viral antibodies, although these antibodies were non-neutralizing. Thus anti-ids to anti-FMDV nMAbs failed to react with cellular receptors for the virus, but were able to induce anti-viral antibody and thus should be examined as an alternative vaccine strategy for this virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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