Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Contraception. 2015 Mar;91(3):234-9. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2014.11.015. Epub 2014 Dec 12.

Grief after second-trimester termination for fetal anomaly: a qualitative study.

Author information

1
University of Rochester School of Medicine, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY 14642. Electronic address: Marguerite_Maguire@URMC.Rochester.edu.
2
Washington Hospital Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 110 Irving Street, NW Suite 5B-63, Washington, DC 20010. Electronic address: alexisdlight@gmail.com.
3
University of California, San Francisco, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Ward 6D, San Francisco, CA 94110. Electronic address: kuppermannm@obgyn.ucsf.edu.
4
University of Michigan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Electronic address: daltonvk@med.umich.edu.
5
University of California, San Francisco, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Ward 6D, San Francisco, CA 94110. Electronic address: steinauerj@obgyn.ucsf.edu.
6
University of California, San Francisco, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Ward 6D, San Francisco, CA 94110. Electronic address: kernsjL@obgyn.ucsf.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We aimed to qualitatively evaluate factors that contribute to and alleviate grief associated with termination of a pregnancy for a fetal anomaly and how that grief changes over time.

STUDY DESIGN:

We conducted a longitudinal qualitative study of decision satisfaction, grief and coping among women undergoing termination (dilation and evacuation or induction termination) for fetal anomalies and other complications. We conducted three post-procedure interviews at 1-3 weeks, 3 months and 1 year. We used a generative thematic approach to analyze themes related to grief using NVivo software program.

RESULTS:

Of the 19 women in the overall study, 13 women's interviews were eligible for analysis of the grief experience. Eleven women completed all three interviews, and two completed only the first interview. Themes that contributed to grief include self-blame for the diagnosis, guilt around the termination decision, social isolation related to discomfort with abortion and grief triggered by reminders of pregnancy. Social support and time are mechanisms that serve to alleviate grief.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pregnancy termination in this context is experienced as a significant loss similar to other types of pregnancy loss and is also associated with real and perceived stigma. Women choosing termination for fetal anomalies may benefit from tailored counseling that includes dispelling misconceptions about cause of the anomaly. In addition, efforts to decrease abortion stigma and increase social support may improve women's experiences and lessen their grief response.

IMPLICATIONS:

The nature and course of grief after second-trimester termination for fetal anomaly are, as of yet, poorly understood. With improved understanding of how women grieve over time, clinicians can better recognize the significance of their patients' suffering and offer tools to direct their grief toward positive coping.

KEYWORDS:

Abortion; Fetal anomaly; Perinatal grief; Pregnancy loss; Pregnancy termination; Second-trimester abortion

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center