Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Anim Reprod Sci. 2015 Jan;152:77-82. doi: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2014.11.014. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

Use of refractometry as a new management tool in AI boar centers for quality assurance of extender preparations.

Author information

1
Institute for the Reproduction of Farm Animals Schönow Inc., Bernauer Allee 10, D-16321 Bernau, Germany. Electronic address: m.schulze@ifn-schoenow.de.
2
Institute for the Reproduction of Farm Animals Schönow Inc., Bernauer Allee 10, D-16321 Bernau, Germany.
3
Minitube GmbH, Hauptstr. 41, D-84184 Tiefenbach, Germany.

Abstract

A study was performed to see if refractometry can be used as a new quality control tool for boar semen extenders. For this the refractive index and osmolality of BTS extender concentrations (EC) were recorded in 10%-steps from 50% to 150% and 200% of the correct amount. Twelve boar ejaculates were evaluated for semen quality. The refractive index for the correctly prepared extender was 4.6±0.0°Bx, corresponded to 316±16mOsmkg(-1), and correlated highly with osmolality (r=0.99; P<0.001). Total sperm motility with 100% EC differed significantly from ≤70% EC (P<0.001) and 200% EC (P<0.001) on day 1 (d1) and d4, respectively. The percentage of motile spermatozoa in a thermoresistance test on d2 showed a significant drop using ≤70% EC (P=0.047) and ≥140% EC (P=0.004). Secondary apical ridge defects were significantly higher using 50% EC (P<0.001) and ≥150% EC (P=0.032) compared to 100% EC, respectively. An increased number of coiled tails were observed using ≤60% EC (P<0.001). Percentages of spermatozoa with intact membranes on d2 resulted in a significant decrease using 50% EC (P<0.001) and ≥150% EC (P=0.005), respectively. The mean percentage of PI negative spermatozoa with active mitochondria on d2 showed a significant difference using ≤60% EC (P=0.016) and ≥140% EC (P<0.001) compared to 100% EC, respectively. Boar sperm quality is affected by inexact extender preparation. The refractive-index is an indicator of osmolality and may be used to verify semen extender preparation. The sensitivity is sufficient to detect deviations from correct extender preparation before negative effects on sperm quality occur.

KEYWORDS:

Boar; Extender preparation; Quality assurance; Semen preservation; Semen quality

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center