Send to

Choose Destination
Bioorg Med Chem. 2015 Jan 1;23(1):38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2014.11.031. Epub 2014 Nov 27.

Bioactive constituents from the green alga Caulerpa racemosa.

Author information

School of Pharmacy, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, PR China.
Lushan Botanical Garden, Jiangxi Province & The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lushan 332900, PR China.
State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, PR China.
Center of Analysis and Testing, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, PR China.
School of Pharmacy, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, PR China. Electronic address:


Three diterpenoids, including a pair of epimers, racemobutenolids A and B (1 and 2), and 4',5'-dehydrodiodictyonema A (3), an α-tocopheroid, α-tocoxylenoxy (8), and an 28-oxostigmastane steroid, (23E)-3β-hydroxy-stigmasta-5,23-dien-28-one (11), together with 12 known compounds, were isolated from the green alga Caulerpa racemosa. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by detailed analysis of spectroscopic data, and by comparison with data for related known compounds. The epimers (1 and 2) are two unusual diterpenoid lactones bearing a β-methyl-γ-substituted butenolide moiety, and 3 and 8 represent the first naturally occurring natural products with a hematinic acid ester group and 3,5-dimethylphenoxy functionality, respectively. The enzyme inhibitory activities of the isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro against PTP1B and related PTPs (TCPTP, CDC25B, LAR, SHP-1, and SHP-2). Compounds 3, 5, 6, and 9-14 exhibited different levels of PTP1B inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 2.30 to 50.02μM. Of these compounds, 3, 9, and 11 showed the most potent inhibitory activities towards PTP1B with IC50 values of 2.30, 3.85, and 3.80μM, respectively. More importantly, the potent PTP1B inhibitors 3, 9, and 11 also displayed high selectivity over the highly homologous TCPTP and other PTPs. Also, the neuroprotective effects of the isolates against Aβ25-35-induced cell damage in SH-SY5Y cells were investigated. Compounds 10, 11, and 14 exhibited significant neuroprotective effects against Aβ25-35-induced SH-SY5Y cell damage with 11.31-15.98% increases in cell viability at 10μM. In addition, the cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds were tested against the human cancer cell lines A-549 and HL-60.


Caulerpa racemosa; Cytotoxic activity; Neuroprotective activity; PTP1B inhibitory activity

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center