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Contraception. 2015 Feb;91(2):178-83. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2014.11.004. Epub 2014 Nov 15.

Acceptability and feasibility of phone follow-up with a semiquantitative urine pregnancy test after medical abortion in Moldova and Uzbekistan.

Author information

1
Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY 10010, USA. Electronic address: iplatais@gynuity.org.
2
Gynuity Health Projects, Tbilisi, Georgia.
3
Moldova State Medical University, Reproductive Health Training Center, Chisinau, Moldova.
4
Women's Wellness Center, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
5
Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY 10010, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of phone follow-up with a home semiquantitative pregnancy test and standardized checklist, and compare the alternative method of follow-up with in-clinic follow-up after medical abortion.

STUDY DESIGN:

Two thousand four hundred women undergoing medical abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol in Moldova and Uzbekistan were randomized to phone or clinic follow-up. All women in the clinic group returned to the clinic 2 weeks later. Women randomized to phone follow-up used a semiquantitative pregnancy test at the initial visit and repeated the test at home 2 weeks later when they also filled out a symptom checklist. Women were called at 2 weeks to review the test results and checklist. Participants who screened "positive" were referred to clinic to verify abortion completion.

RESULTS:

Most women in the phone group were successfully contacted on the phone (97.6%). Staff were unable to contact one woman in the phone follow-up group, and all women in clinic group returned to the clinic. The ongoing pregnancy rate was similar in both groups (0.4-0.6%), and the semiquantitative pregnancy test identified all ongoing pregnancies in the phone follow-up group. Women in the phone group found the test and checklist easy to use, and most (76.1%) preferred phone follow-up in the future. Overall, 92.8% of women in the phone group did not undergo in-clinic follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Phone follow-up with a semiquantitative urine pregnancy test and symptom checklist is a feasible and a highly effective approach in identifying ongoing pregnancy after medical abortion.

IMPLICATIONS:

The semiquantitative pregnancy test can make home follow-up after medical abortion possible for many women and provide reassurance that ongoing pregnancies will be detected.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01410266.

KEYWORDS:

Checklist; Human chorionic gonadotropin; Mifepristone; Misoprostol; Symptoms

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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