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JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Dec;7(12):1209-17. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2014.08.014. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

LGE patterns in pulmonary hypertension do not impact overall mortality.

Author information

1
Unit of Academic Radiology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom; INSIGNEO, Institute for In Silico Medicine, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address: a.j.swift@shef.ac.uk.
2
Unit of Academic Radiology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
3
Sheffield Pulmonary Vascular Disease Unit, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of this study was to determine the prognostic value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) features in patients with pulmonary hypertension.

BACKGROUND:

The prognostic significance of LGE in the clinical assessment of patients with pulmonary hypertension remains uncertain.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary hypertension seen at a specialist pulmonary hypertension referral center who underwent right heart catheterization and CMR with LGE imaging within 48 h were identified. Short-axis late-enhancement imaging was performed using a 3-dimensional gradient spoiled echocardiography sequence on a 1.5-T scanner. Three groups were identified: 1) no late enhancement of the myocardium; 2) late enhancement at the right ventricular insertion points (LGE-IP); and 3) late enhancement involving the right ventricular insertion points and the interventricular septum (LGE-S).

RESULTS:

Of 194 patients, 162 had pulmonary hypertension. LGE was identified in 135 of 162 (83%) patients with pulmonary hypertension, and 47 (29%) of patients demonstrated LGE-S. Patients with LGE-S had significantly higher right ventricular end-diastolic volume index (p = 0.013) and lower mixed venous oxygen saturation (p = 0.045) than patients with LGE-IP alone. The presence of LGE-S (p = 0.022), but not LGE-IP alone, right ventricular end-systolic volume (p = 0.045), right ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.034), mixed venous oxygen saturation (p = 0.021), mean right atrial pressure (0.027), and male sex (p = 0.002) predicted mortality. At multivariate analysis, male sex was the only significant predictor of mortality independent of covariate predictors (p = 0.027).

CONCLUSIONS:

The presence of LGE at the right ventricular insertion points is suggestive of the presence of pulmonary hypertension. LGE may also be more extensive, involving the septum; however, after multivariable analysis including other factors associated with pulmonary hypertension, septal LGE was not associated with an increase in overall mortality.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac magnetic resonance; gadolinium; idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension; prognosis right ventricle; pulmonary hypertension

PMID:
25496540
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcmg.2014.08.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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