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J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2015 Feb;17(2):87-94. doi: 10.1111/jch.12457. Epub 2014 Dec 15.

Fructose containing sugars do not raise blood pressure or uric acid at normal levels of human consumption.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Program in Physical Therapy, Department of Health Professions, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL.

Abstract

The impact of fructose, commonly consumed with sugars by humans, on blood pressure and uric acid has yet to be defined. A total of 267 weight-stable participants drank sugar-sweetened milk every day for 10 weeks as part of their usual, mixed-nutrient diet. Groups 1 and 2 had 9% estimated caloric intake from fructose or glucose, respectively, added to milk. Groups 3 and 4 had 18% of estimated caloric intake from high fructose corn syrup or sucrose, respectively, added to the milk. Blood pressure and uric acid were determined prior to and after the 10-week intervention. There was no effect of sugar type on either blood pressure or uric acid (interaction P>.05), and a significant time effect for blood pressure was noted (P<.05). The authors conclude that 10 weeks of consumption of fructose at the 50th percentile level, whether consumed as pure fructose or with fructose-glucose-containing sugars, does not promote hyperuricemia or increase blood pressure.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01797042.

PMID:
25496265
DOI:
10.1111/jch.12457
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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