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J Phys Act Health. 2015 Sep;12(9):1238-44. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2014-0126. Epub 2014 Dec 10.

Toward a Better Understanding of the Link Between Parent and Child Physical Activity Levels: The Moderating Role of Parental Encouragement.

Author information

1
ChildObesity 180, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Research on adolescent physical activity is mixed regarding the role of parent activity. This study tested parent encouragement, direct modeling, and perceived influence as moderators of objectively-measured (accelerometer) parent and child moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) associations.

METHODS:

Parent-child dyads (n = 423; mean child age = 11.33 yrs.) wore accelerometers for 7 days; parents completed surveys. Hierarchical linear regression models tested moderation using a product of constituent terms interaction.

RESULTS:

Parent-reported encouragement moderated the association between parent and child MVPA (β = -.15, P = .01, ΔR2 = .02, P < .01). Among parents with lower MVPA, child MVPA was higher for children receiving high encouragement (mean = 3.06, SE = .17) vs. low (mean = 3.03, SE = .15, P = .02) and moderate encouragement (mean = 3.40, SE = .09) vs. low (P = .04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Physical activity promotion programs may use parent encouragement as a tool to boost child activity, but must consider other child and parent characteristics that could attenuate effects.

PMID:
25494399
PMCID:
PMC5504529
DOI:
10.1123/jpah.2014-0126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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