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Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Nov 28;113(22):220501. Epub 2014 Nov 24.

High-Fidelity Preparation, Gates, Memory, and Readout of a Trapped-Ion Quantum Bit.

Author information

1
Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom.
2
Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom and Laboratoire Matériaux et Phénomènes Quantiques, University of Paris Diderot, UMR 7162 CNRS, F-75205 Paris, France.

Abstract

We implement all single-qubit operations with fidelities significantly above the minimum threshold required for fault-tolerant quantum computing, using a trapped-ion qubit stored in hyperfine "atomic clock" states of ^{43}Ca^{+}. We measure a combined qubit state preparation and single-shot readout fidelity of 99.93%, a memory coherence time of T_{2}^{*}=50  sec, and an average single-qubit gate fidelity of 99.9999%. These results are achieved in a room-temperature microfabricated surface trap, without the use of magnetic field shielding or dynamic decoupling techniques to overcome technical noise.

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