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Ital J Pediatr. 2014 Dec 10;40:99. doi: 10.1186/s13052-014-0099-x.

Effects of maternal epidural analgesia on the neonate--a prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Swayambhu, Chhauni, Kathmandu, 44620, Nepal. kalmaan@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, 411040, India. anuamit35@rediffmail.com.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, 411040, India. akms@vsnl.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidural analgesia is one of the most popular modes of analgesia for child birth. There are controversies regarding adverse effects and safety of epidural analgesia. This study was conducted to study the immediate effects of the maternal epidural analgesia on the neonate during early neonatal phase.

METHODS:

A prospective cohort study of 100 neonates born to mothers administered epidural analgesia were compared with 100 neonates born to mothers not administered epidural analgesia in terms of passage of urine, initiation of breast feeding, birth asphyxia and incidence of instrumentation.

RESULTS:

There was significant difference among the two groups in the passage of urine (P value 0.002) and incidence of instrumentation (P value 0.010) but there was no significant difference in regards to initiation of breast feeding and birth asphyxia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Epidural analgesia does not have any effect on the newborns in regards to breast feeding and birth asphyxia but did have effects like delayed passage of urine and increased incidence of instrumentation.

PMID:
25492043
PMCID:
PMC4297456
DOI:
10.1186/s13052-014-0099-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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